Cook-Greuter (1994) classified the new 9 line of amount out-of Loevinger’s model on the about three hierarchical categories: preconventional, old-fashioned, and you may postconventional account (discover Desk step one). The new preconventional values was estimated so you can constitute ten% of the population consequently they are named Symbiotic, Stage step one; Natural, Phase dos; and Mind-protective, Phase step three. These types of degrees are normal from inside the teens, however if perhaps not evolved past, could be associated with psychopathology from inside the adulthood (Pfaffenberger and ). The standard level, projected to help you constitute from the 80% of population, was described as Conformist, Phase cuatro; Self-Aware, Stage 5; and Conscientious, Stage 6. These types of account show a change typically going on after years twelve whenever the person will get effective at taking in another’s angle and you will grows a clearly broke up term and you can thinking-contains integrated program (Akrivou 2008). The postconventional values was estimated in order to form in the 10% of your You population and are also known as Individualistic, Phase 7; Autonomous, Stage 8; and construct-alert, Phase 9. Into the postconventional amount, anyone have better amino reviews differentiation of thinking and you can shows better emotional integration, self-actualization, skills, and you can use of intuition (Cook-Greuter 2000). Predicated on Get ready-Greuter (1999) there is a tenth phase away from development, Unitive, where anyone is sustain a continuous transparency to relax and play where transpersonal experiences are incorporated into a liquid county of being.
Brand new Enneagram and you may Ego Development
Loevinger’s (1976) ego creativity design provides a good framework to have measuring pride advancement regarding Enneagram system. Developmental trajectories is actually then readily available for per Enneagram kind of to follow along with to experience high degrees of ego invention. The latest shifts into the worldview into higher amounts of development in the new Enneagram is similar to the completion from higher developmental profile within Loevinger’s design (Terrifically boring 2010; Loevinger 1976; Cook-Greuter 2002; Maslow 1964). Large membership is actually marked from the increased feel, empathy, and less identification which have pride (Cook-Greuter 2002; Jaxon-Happen 2012; Loevinger 1976). Literature shows that mental health and you may ego development try interrelated, with confident correlations anywhere between development and you will dispositional optimism and you may mind-regard, and you will bad correlations with affective stress, depression, and you may stress (Blumentritt 2011; King ainsi que al. 2000; Noam ainsi que al. 2006). Eventually, invention contributes to thinking-actualization and thinking-transcendence/unity since revealed regarding the structures out-of both Loevinger (1976) and you can Maslow (1976).
Brand new Enneagram away from Nine Items
This new Enneagram is actually a personality system regarding 9 type of variety of-particular routes for invention over the lifespan (Incredibly dull 2010; Daniels and you may Rates 2009; Sutton 2012). Of several experts keeps highlighted the brand new Enneagram bodies the thing is that compared to that out of almost every other contemporary psychological concepts instance humanistic, psychodynamic, ental psychologies together with realm of neuroscience (Beesing ainsi que al. 1984; Daniels and you will Price 2009; Naranjo 1990, 1994; Palmer 1988, 1995; Riso and you will Hudson 1999, 2005; Siegel 2004, 2010; Tolk 2006; Wagner 2008). The majority of books and blogs examining the applying of the latest Enneagram system have been in the industry of private development and growth. Now, the Enneagram is continuing to grow for the area of business development. Regarding functions setting this has been made use of as the a hack to possess team building and you can facilitating alot more good organizations (Incredibly dull 2010; Colina 1998; Kale and you may Shrivastava 2003; Ormond 2007).
Because the a comprehensive identity program, this new Enneagram brands show 9 fundamental activities (Dining table 2). In the Enneagram system this type of interwoven designs is demonstrated in terms of type’s type of perceptual strain you to definitely setting the basic Proposal (Daniels and you will Rate 2009). The fundamental Proposal stands for new intersection off: (a) core values; (b) transformative methods; (c) patterns regarding desire; and you may (d) riding thoughts. Into the growth of each kind, a complete list of person prospective can be achieved from the course of a lifetime (Dull 2010).